Sulcis in Fundo
The "Sulcis-Iglesiente" is one of the poorest provinces in Italy: once the mines closed, the area has become a centre of the chemical industry. Factory gates are closed; 30,000 people unemployed. Nearby villages suffer from biological hazards: sheep milk and meat is poisonous as well as shellfish and the land itself.
Besides, there is a Sulcis RWM S.p.A., a company of 300 employees that produce weaponry for members of the military coalition led by Saudi Arabia involved in the conflict in Yemen.
The state created the Portovesme industrial area once the mining economy collapsed to create workplaces. Heavy metals, hydrocarbons and processing residues are present in soils and aquifers. It is the legacy that the metallurgical industries have left on the lands of the Portovesme industrial area.
In 1993 the government declared Portoscuso to be a "high risk of environmental crisis" area. In 2014 the mayor ordered the disposal of sheep, and goat milk and municipal-grown fruits and vegetable promotion stopped.
Along the main road 126, near Iglesias, there are the imposing landfills, in certain monumental aspects, known as the red mud: toxic debris from the Monteponi mine, which has never been reclaimed.
In 2013, the youth unemployment rate in the province of Carbonia-Iglesias reached 73.9 percent, the highest of all the Italian provinces. "If my grandmother didn't have this stall on the market I wouldn't know what to do." Mirco, Portoscuso.
At the end of the 17th century, Masua's mining site was already famous – old excavations, tunnels and stoves in the limestone rock are present. In the background, the Pan di Zucchero, one of the main naturalistic attractions. In Masua's beach, there are cadmium, lead, zinc and arsenic.
Mario is an ex-miner. Almost all miners suffer from mining-related diseases. Mario has severe deafness caused by exposure to noise, and angiopathy, a specific pathology of those who use vibrating instruments, like pneumatic hammers.
Today most of the factories are stopped, and workers are unemployed. There were approximately five thousand workplaces in the early 2000s.
Salvini supporters gathering, during the regional political elections campaign.
In 2013, the youth unemployment rate reached 73.9 percent in the province of Carbonia-Iglesias – the highest in Italy.
In southern Sardinia, between 2013 and 2017, the trend of demographic decline hit all records of less than six births per 1,000 residents.
Bonyam Gamal is a young Yemeni woman from "Mwatana for Human Rights," – the association that denounced the RWM factory and Uama for killing an entire Yemeni family because of a missile produced by the Domusnovas factory which was sanctioned in July 2019.
Outskirts of Iglesias, district of Serra Perdosa, once disparagingly called "Napoli two."
Maria is unemployed as well as her husband. She is preparing sweets to sell to friends.
In Sardinia, people spend on gambling and betting approximately 1.5 billion euros a year. Every Sardinian spends 1000 euros per year. Iglesias spends 2 million 750 thousand euros in twelve months with gambling and, always making an average, the 650 gambling employees take away from their families 3 thousand euros per year with peaks of 20 thousand euros (Agency data customs and monopolies).