Libya: A Human Marketplace
A Human Marketplace takes place in post-Gaddafi Libya - a complex tribal society. Human trafficking blooms here; illegal immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers are exploited by militias. Held in confinement centres for immigrants, they live in unacceptable conditions: overcrowded, lack of hygiene, regular beatings and violence.
In search of truth, Narciso avoids bureaucratic official channels and communicates with militiamen, smugglers and tribespeople directly.
Different perspectives enable him to get a full view of the Libyan human trafficking issue. Instead of being a transit point for migrants on the way to Europe, Libya has become a place where people bought and sold daily.
Tebu militiamen pray at dusk in the middle of the desert, far down towards the Niger border, south of Libya.
Sub-Saharan illegal migrants and refugees are begging to be released in the Zawiyah Detention Centre. The Centre's Director (not pictured) stands in front of the cell, threatening to beat them with a stick if they do not calm down, leading to panic.
Sub-Saharan illegal migrants and refugees reach through the window of a cell in the Garabuli Detention Centre, asking for water, food and cigarettes.
A vigilante group carries out surveillance operations on the Zawara shore, looking for the corpses of illegal migrants and refugees, which have been washed up by the tide during the night. Two hundred and twenty-six bodies of illegal migrants, asylum seekers and refugees were washed up on the Zuwara and Sabratah shores the week after their boats sank in the Mediterranean. Twenty-six pregnant women and one toddler were among the dead.
The bodies of dead migrants, collected from the Zawara shore by a vigilante group, are lined up for burial at an improvised graveyard in Abu Kammash, west Libya.
An illegal African migrant on the Tajoura shore is discouraged. He was arrested in the Mediterranean Sea by the Libyan coastguard in the west of Libya.
An Illegal female migrant is waiting with a group of women to get transferred to another detention centre. They were sold by the militia group which rules over the Surman detention camp in the west of Libya.
A group of Sub-Saharan illegal migrants and refugees are packed into one section of the Zawiyah Detention Centre, a warehouse-like facility holding as many as 2,000 detainees at a time. It is the largest detention centre in Lybia. It serves as a distribution facility in the human trafficking supply chain. From here, inmates are re-sold to other militias on the west coast of Libya.
Illegal female migrants queue in the prison yard as they are loaded on buses. They are going to be transferred to another detention centre because they have been sold by the militia group ruling over the Surman detention camp in the west of Libya.
Sub-Saharan illegal migrants unveil their skin diseases and signs of beatings allegedly caused by the guards at the Garabuli Detention Centre of Libya.
Illegal African migrants and refugees queue as they wait to be taken to detention centres after having been pulled from the Mediterranean Sea by the Libyan coastguard. One hundred and twenty illegal migrants and refugees were returned to the harbour of Tripoli that morning. They arrived exhausted, dehydrated and received first aid from a medical team.
The corpses of illegal Sub-Saharan migrants lie in the morgue of Sabha City after having been collected from the streets and the desert during the previous days.
A mentally-ill Sub-Saharan illegal migrant is isolated in one of the Surman detention centers for illegal migrants on the west coast of Libya.
Sub-Saharan illegal female migrants in the detention centre for women in Surman, west Libya.
An unidentified mentally-ill Sub-Saharan illegal migrant strips inside an isolated cell in a Surman detention center, revealing an abortion scar on her belly. A local doctor says that the woman, presumably a rape victim, has been detained for the last two years. When asked about the woman's scar, he replies that it is unclear if she became pregnant while in custody, or beforehand.